Wednesday, 21 November, 2018

University Of Michigan Professor Wins Nobel Prize For Work With Lasers

By Canadian Press By Canadian Press
Derrick Tucker | 05 October, 2018, 06:17

The Nobel Prize for physics was awarded Tuesday to three scientists.

Arthur Ashkin, of the United States, was awarded half the nine million kronor (£770,000) prize, with the other half shared by Gerard Mourou of France and Canadian Donna Strickland.

Frenchman Gerard Mourou of the Ecole Polytechnique and University of MI shares half the prize's 9-million-kronor, $1.01 million, with Strickland; Ashkin gets the other half.

With the Nobel, Donna Strickland became the third female recipient of the prize in physics.

Dr Arthur Ashkin of Bell Laboratories in the United States won half of the prize for inventing "optical tweezers" while Frenchman Gerard Mourou, who also has U.S. citizenship, and Canadian Donna Strickland shared the other half for their work on high-intensity lasers.

Last year's physics prize went to three Americans who used abstruse theory and ingenious equipment design to detect the faint ripples in the universe called gravitational waves. Extremely small objects and incredibly rapid processes are now being seen in a new light.

Meanwhile, the Swedish Academy has postponed the announcement of the Nobel Prize in Literature a year ago after an acrimonious internal dispute over sexism.

The announcement comes a day after a senior scientist at CERN, the Geneva-based nuclear research center that is home to a number of Nobel winners, was suspended for saying that physics was invented and built by men.

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That means lasers can be used to push, pull or hold in place tiny objects like atoms, molecules and living cells. "I'm honoured to be one of those women", she said.

Donna Strickland, a University of Waterloo professor who helped to pioneer the development of lasers that produce brief but intense pulses of light for a range of applications, has been named a victor of this year's Nobel Prize in physics.

Prosecutor Christina Voigt had demanded three years in prison for Arnault, who is married to a Swedish Academy member.

"With the technique we have developed, laser power has been increased about a million times, maybe even a billion", Mourou said in a video statement released by Ecole Polytechnique. He has finally received his due, at least as far as the Nobel Prizes are concerned.

She cited institutional issues that have made it more hard for women to advance their careers, mentioning maternity leave, which can take women out of the workplace for months or years at a time, as one example.

Strickland is the third woman to get the Nobel Prize in Physics, following Marie Curie in 1903 and Maria Goeppert-Mayer in 1963.

Mourou, born in 1944 in Albertville, France and Strickland, born 1959 in Guelph, Canada, have worked together since 1985, when they published a revolutionary article that would become the basis of Strickland's thesis.

The winners of the chemistry prize will be announced on Wednesday, followed by the peace prize on Friday.

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